Made in China is not as powerful as we think

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Made in China is not as powerful as we think

Abstract: Miao Wei gave a comprehensive explanation of "made in China 2025" at the 13th meeting of the 12th Standing Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference. With the higher and higher level of modern production equipment initiative, he pointed out that China is still in the third echelon of the four echelons of the global manufacturing industry, and this pattern is difficult to change fundamentally in a short time

"made in China" is not as powerful as we thought, and western industry has not declined to rely on China. Our manufacturing industry has not yet upgraded, but manufacturers have begun to withdraw. Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, couldn't resist the slogan of transforming to the service industry, and stood up and told the truth

Miao Wei, in his comprehensive interpretation of made in China 2025 at the 13th meeting of the 12th Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, pointed out that among the four echelons of the global manufacturing industry, China is still in the third echelon, and this pattern is difficult to change fundamentally in a short time. It will take at least another 30 years to become a manufacturing power

as a senior member of the central government in charge of manufacturing, Miao Wei's views basically represent the national cognition

Miao Wei said that the global manufacturing industry has basically formed a four echelon development pattern:

the first echelon is a global scientific and technological innovation center led by the United States; The second echelon is the high-end manufacturing field, including the EU and Japan; The third echelon is the middle and low-end manufacturing field, mainly some emerging countries, including China; The fourth echelon is mainly resource exporting countries, including OPEC (organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), Africa, Latin America and other countries

with the increasing downward pressure on China's economy, many people cheer that the service industry has surpassed the manufacturing industry to become the second largest industry in the national economy, and even think that China can go beyond the stage of industrialization and directly enter the service led economic structure. In this regard, Miao Wei believes that this is a viewpoint divorced from reality, whether from historical experience or the actual situation

looking at the ranking of global scientific and technological strength, how far is China still behind:

first place: the United States

so far, American universities have gathered more than 70% of the world's Nobel Prize winners

among the top 20 universities in the world, the United States accounts for 17 (Tsinghua University ranks about 600) in terms of scientific contribution. From MIT to Caltech, it has trained the world's best engineers and top scientists

eight of the world's top ten technology companies are in the United States! Intel provides chips to the world. Microsoft and Oracle occupy the basic market of the software industry (from Baidu to Tencent to various government departments in China, they all use the database software and technology provided by Oracle)

the United States has the world's top laboratories in the field of military industry, aerospace, medical technology and Information Science... The United States ranks first in the world with its unmatched strength and overwhelming technological advantages

no one would be surprised if the United States said tomorrow that they had developed this flying saucer

second place: British

RORO engine. Such an engine affects many fields such as materials, machinery and power. China's big plane dream has just set off

what we see is full of Japanese and German equipment, but few people care. Most of the core parts of these machines and equipment use chips designed by British arm company

the number of Nobel Prize winners in Britain is second only to the United States, ranking second in the world. Among the 200 best universities in the world, the United States accounts for 75 and the United Kingdom for 32, far more than other countries

although Britain has declined in industrial scale, it still has Luoluo, the world's top aero-engine enterprise, ranking first in the world in terms of steel, pharmaceuticals, biological breeding, aerospace, machinery, microelectronics, military industry, environmental science, etc. The prospect of carrying out is very decadent

as Britain has many of the best universities in the world (second only to the United States), Britain still maintains the world's second largest science and technology and has made outstanding contributions to the world's science and Technology (such as the world's first cloned sheep)

third place: Japan

in the number of patent applications of the U.S. national patent office, Japan is the second largest country after the United States itself, which has been regarded as an important indicator of Japan's innovation ability. In the ranking of global universities and their contribution to world science and technology, Japanese universities are only second to the United States and Britain

Japan has many large groups and companies, such as Toshiba, Mitsubishi and so on. These companies have strong scientific research strength. Japan's attention to detail makes their products have a better user experience in the market, thus occupying the market, which also makes them have more R & D funds. From the initial imitation to the subsequent technological innovation, the rise of Japan has become a myth in Asia

among the 20 key scientific and technological fields, Japan ranks very well. In materials science, cutting-edge robots (22.07 +1.15%, diagnostic stocks), etc., Japan has great scientific research strength

Japan's economy may have some problems in recent years, but it has never stopped the pace of technological upgrading

fourth place: Paris, France has quite a number of well-known universities. French universities are generally divided into higher business schools and engineering schools, which are typical elite education models

unlike Britain, France maintains its scientific and technological advantage through high national investment. France has more than 50 Nobel Prize winners and more than 10 fields prize winners. Among the 20 key scientific research fields, France ranks among the top in the world. Although the romantic French seem to have some positive signals in the economic operation of China's extruder industry, they are more lazy than the Japanese and Germans, but they are more innovative and adventurous in scientific research

France has obvious advantages in aerospace, energy, material science, space technology, etc

France produced the world's first commercial driverless car

fifth place: Germany

speaking of Germany, you will think of German machine tools, German precision machinery and German meticulous spirit! So far, Germany has won more than 70 Nobel prizes, more than France and Japan

it has to be said that, unlike most people's imagination, scientific research is actually a kind of physical work (although the spirit of innovation is very important), which is both boring and boring. An experiment may have to be repeated a thousand times. It may take several days and nights to find out a mistake. Even if all you think is right, a small mistake is enough to stop the pace of scientific research. The German quality has an advantage in this respect. Like France, German universities are ranked by major, not by school. Every school has its own specialty

German science and technology come from German education, and more from German manufacturing

industry 4.0, the dream of China and the reality of Germany

sixth place: Finland

in addition to Nokia, Finland, a small country with only more than 5 million people, ranks among the top 10 in 17 of the 20 key scientific and technological fields. For example, in computer science, everyone knows windows, but computer professionals must know Linux! Finland has always been in the forefront of the world in terms of education and science and technology

according to the report of the US Department of defense, Finland is the country that transfers the most high-tech technologies to China in the world. According to the information published by China, Finland is the second largest technology transferor of China in northern Europe

Silicon Valley in Finland: the seventh place in innopoli Science Park: people of Jewish descent in Israel have won many Nobel prizes, but many people may not know that Israel is not only strong in military, but also strong in science and technology, although many of their military equipment comes from the United States. But they also helped American researchers research and improve weapons and equipment

Israel has a high level of education. 24% of the nanotube is like a small vertical "needle". The working population has a graduate degree or above, ranking first in the world

over the past decade, Israeli scientists have made outstanding achievements in many fields and made outstanding contributions to the development of world science and technology, especially in electronics and chemistry

many high-tech companies in the United States have set up R & D centers in Israel, using the wisdom and wisdom of Israelis (unlike China, Israelis participate in and undertake key scientific research and product development)

although Israel lacks resources, the greatest resource is their minds

eighth place: the judges of Sweden

Nobel Prize are Swedes, and can be recognized by the world, which proves that Sweden has first-class scientists and is capable of evaluating the world's top scientific research (if you don't have such a level, no one will recognize your evaluation). Sweden has only about 9million people, but 38% of the working population are employed in high-tech companies (such as Ericsson), which ranks first in the world! Swedes are also one of the countries that love reading most in the world, and their national scientific quality ranks first in the world

in Chinese imagination, Sweden is a country with high welfare and people have a very casual life. However, Sweden implements a very strict competitive education model. All courses are divided into dozens of levels from easy to difficult, rather than by grade and class

among the 20 key scientific and technological fields, Sweden has 14 in the top 10 and 19 in the top 20. Sita Technology City, Sweden

ninth place: Italy

Italians can design the best clothes and lead the fashion trend... This seems to have nothing to do with natural science and technology, but it reflects the Italian innovation ability. As a matter of fact, Italy also has Agustin wikitran helicopters, Ferrari, Maserati, Lamborghini and other supercars, and has world-class automobile manufacturing technology

Italy's innovation ability in luxury goods is even far better than that in Europe and America, and the most high-end luxury goods often represent the application of the highest technology

of course, there are many problems in Italy, which can easily obscure people's evaluation of Italian science and technology

Italy's mechanical equipment industry ranks the fourth in the world and the second in Europe.

the tenth: Canada

among the 20 key scientific and technological fields, Canada ranks among the top 20 in 16 and the top 5 in the world in 4

Canada's MDA company makes robotic arms and robot workstations for the international space station. The 11th to 19th places are the Netherlands, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, Norway, Belgium, Russia, Singapore and South Korea

Singapore is worth mentioning. It not only has the same financial and Trade Center as Hong Kong. In fact, Singapore spends more on technology and industry than on services

Nanyang Technological University is one of the top 30 universities in the world. Singapore's manufacturing industry has four pillar industries: petrochemical, electronics, machinery manufacturing and biomedicine. The third largest oil refining center and petrochemical center in the world. Singapore is the world's largest manufacturer of jack up oil drilling platforms. From the perspective of planning and layout, Singapore has a much higher vision than Hong Kong

among the five levels of scientific and technological strength,

the first level, the core, the United States

second level,

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